190 • Elbows like gold pendulums, wrists like feather quills, fingers like steel rapiers.

190 • Elbows like gold pendulums, wrists like feather quills, fingers like steel rapiers.

The arm needs to be like a rope, not like a stick, and like the surface of liquid: flexible when slow and firm when fast.
The arm needs to be able to hover in balance and then to apply weight very quickly, to gather speed by inertia, like the flick of a yoyo or the dribbling of a basket ball.
The movement of the arm is always cyclical, wave like; never linear or static.

The wrist needs to be firm but flexible; like a twig, not like a stick.
The wrist functions like a suspension between the arm weight and the finger contact at the key; never as the initiator of movement.

The fingers are either like a conduits for arm weight, like a row of flexible pillars, or move independently from the stable hand dome (“die Faust”, as Beethoven termed it).
The fingers should always lie relaxed and ready on the cluster.

See: 80 • Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee
See: 15 • The seven habits of highly effective piano practicing